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According to UPI, a study from the University of Connecticut identified a protein on the outside of the bacteria that causes syphilis, which may be used as a vaccine.
Although the bacteria, T. pallidum, was identified over a century ago, research to identified it's outer proteins is new.
And since syphilis is a fragile infection, it is difficult for scientists to study their internal and external proteins, because the bacteria can easily break open, mixing its internal and external proteins together.
The T. pallidum bacteria is also troublesome to study because its proteins mutate to defeat our immune system.
But researchers at UConn studied two different strains, and found some similar outer proteins, which they made anti-bodies for to see if they fit into the correct protein receptors.